Partners Vince DiPietro and Greg Molenaar were the first to note the presence of a massive, five-sided pyramid (below, the black dot is a camera registration mark), nearly three kilometers in length and one kilometer high (Torun 1989). Located about 20 km south of the Face and City, it is a multi-faceted structure with a straight base, symmetrical sides, and a well-defined apex (Carlotto 1997). Buttressed corners are evident at the bottom tip of each of the five axes. These five axes radiate symmetrically from the central apex. It reminds one of a starfish or maybe the Chrysler logo. To many, it is an obvious and compelling feature, astonishingly artificial in appearance. There is a hole to the east of the pyramid. Unlike most craters, its bottom cannot be seen, suggesting depth. It has been speculated that this hole might have something to do with the apparent damage to the eastern side of the pyramid. The collapsing and sliding of material suggests a hollow interior.

The D&M Pyramid

In 1988, Erol Torun, a cartographer in
the U.S. Defense Mapping Agency, set out to challenge Hoagland’s claim
that the D&M Pyramid displays complex geometries (Carlotto 1997). No
ordinary pentagon (for example, the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. does not
exhibit these mathematics), Torun discovered rich mathematics which reconciles
the well-known five-sided symmetry of living systems with the six-sided
symmetry of non-living crystals, forces, and underlying physics (Hoagland
1996).It contains the mathematical bases for the hexagon, the pentagon,
and the classic proportions of the
Golden Ratio
(figure 16). The model’s
internal angles, angle ratios, and trigonometric functions redundantly
express sqrt2, sqrt3, and sqrt5 together with the two mathematical constants
pi and e (figure 17) (McDaniel 1994).

Fig. 16 (Carlotto) |

Fig. 17 (Carlotto/Torun) |

The similarity between Leonardo Da Vinci’s “man in a squared circle” and the D&M has not gone unnoticed (figure 18) (Hoagland 1996).

Fig. 18 (Hoagland)

Turon concludes in his analysis that known geological processes such as fluvial and aeolian erosion and deposition, mass wasting, volcanism, and crystal growth not only all “fail to provide a potential mechanism for its formation, but seem to preclude its very existence” (Torun 1989).

Click here for *The D&M Pyramid of Mars* by Erol Torun