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Background and Overview
The Cydonia region was first imaged by the Viking 1 orbiter in 1976. Most of the images presented here are Carlotto enhancements of two primary Viking frames, 35A72 (figure 2) and 70A13 (figure 3), about a 50 meter per pixel resolution.

Among the more provocative images, a huge face was clearly seen staring up into space. NASA immediately dismissed this object as “shadows giving the illusion of eyes, nose, and mouth” (Press Release 1976). But with the two images taken at different lighting and camera angles, scientists were able to conclude the Face is not an illusion, but is what it appears to be - the 3-D shape of a face, with all its proportion and subtle detail (Carlotto 1992).

Not far from the Face, many other unusual features were evident in the same frames, including the fantastic D&M Pyramid, named after its discoverers, DiPietro and Molenaar. Geologists concluded it unlikely that known geological processes could produce a symmetrical and multi-faceted object like the D&M (Torun 1988) .

Other anomalous objects like the “Cliff” and “Tholus” emerged. It was soon discovered that some of the objects are aligned with one another geometrically, criteria archeologists use while searching for promising digs. For example, some of the objects line up neatly with the axes of the D&M Pyramid (Hoagland 1992).

A group of scientists eventually organized as The Society for Planetary SETI Research (SPSR) found rich geometry among the so-called “mounds” as well as other anomalies (McDaniel/Crater 1994).

Objective analyses such as the use of fractals (Carlotto 1997) and probability mathematics further supported artificiality.

To date NASA has failed to recognize any of this work and has shown no apparent interest (aside from open disdain) in any of these enormous objects even as geological anomalies.
Full size 70A13 image

Full size 35A72 image

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